By: Ms. Minakshi Pandey, Assistant Professor , IEC College of Pharmacy, Greater Noida
The effects of anxiety and stress on human behavior have been widely recognized. Although stress at its optimum level can produce positive action, excess stress contributes to the development of physical ailments such as hypertension, ulcers, skin disorders, headaches, arteriosclerosis, and other life-threatening diseases. Stress may be the single most significant factor related to the increasing rate of suicide in the United States, and is considered responsible for many physical and psychological problems. The role of music in palliative and instrumental modes of coping is explored.
The soothing power of music is well-established. It has a unique link to our emotions. Listening to music can have a tremendously relaxing effect on our minds and bodies, especially slow, quiet classical music. This type of music can have a beneficial effect on our physiological functions, slowing the pulse and heart rate, lowering blood pressure, and decreasing the levels of stress hormones.
As music can absorb our attention, it acts as a distraction at the same time it helps to explore emotions. This means it can be a great aid to meditation, helping to prevent the mind wandering.
Musical preference varies widely between individuals, so an individual can decide what he likes and what is suitable for different mood. But even if you don’t usually listen to classical music it may be worth giving it a try when selecting the most calming music.
When people are very stressed, there is a tendency to avoid actively listening to music. Perhaps it feels like a waste of time, not helping to achieve anything. But as we know, productivity increases when stress is reduced, so this is another area where you can gain vast rewards. It just takes a small effort to begin with.
To incorporate music into a busy life, singing (or shouting) along can also be a great release of tension. Calming music before bedtime promotes peace and relaxation and helps to induce sleep.

Research on Music
Music has been used for hundreds of years to treat illnesses and restore harmony between mind and body. But recently, scientific studies have attempted to measure the potential benefits of music. They have found

Music’s form and structure can bring order and security to disabled and distressed children. It encourages coordination and communication, so improves their quality of life.
Listening to music on headphones reduces stress and anxiety in hospital patients before and after surgery.
Music can help reduce both the sensation and distress of both chronic pain and postoperative pain.
Listening to music can relieve depression and increase self-esteem ratings in elderly people.
Making music can reduce burnout and improve mood among nursing students.
Music therapy significantly reduces emotional distress and boosts quality of life among adult cancer patients.
Different techniques for measuring relaxation are recommended and directions for future research cite promising areas, including electromyographic biofeedback, brainwave measurement, and behavioral observations of reduced stress.
Music Therapy
Music has the potential to influence us both psychologically and physiologically, it is an important area of therapy for stress management.
Music may help people to identify and express the feelings associated with their stress.
Listening to music can help the brain by improving learning and memory skills
Sound of nature is appropriate music for meditation as it can help the mind slow down and initiate the relaxation response.

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